What are the side effects of intrauterine devices?

The intrauterine device (IUD) is a very effective method of contraception. The failure rate is only 1-2%. Physical examination must be performed by a doctor before insertion to check for the suitability. After insertion of the intrauterine device by a doctor, regular check-ups are required.

Currently Maternal and Child Health Centres provide copper containing intrauterine devices for suitable clients.

What are the side effects of intrauterine devices?

You may experience the following in the initial period after insertion:

  • Increased menstrual flow. It is normal if the flow is not too heavy
  • Slight menstrual pain, which is also normal
  • Increased amount of normal vaginal discharge

You need to seek medical attention as soon as possible if you have the following conditions:

  • Suspected or confirmed pregnancy
  • Abnormal or severe abdominal or pelvic pain
  • Excessive menstrual flow
  • Smelly or thick vaginal discharge
  • Suspected expulsion of the IUD (e.g. loss or lengthening of the IUD thread)