Development from 12 to 24 Months (Cantonese version with English subtitle only)

Transcript

Title:Development from 12 to 24 Months

Scene: A little girl walks into a friend's birthday party venue with her mother. They join the other children and their parents to celebrate the birthday of a little boy.. There are many gifts on the table. They all  sit around the table. The kids are very excited and clap their hands. A one year old  little boy is a little surprised when his birthday cake with a lit candle is put in front of him. With the guidance of his mother he tries to blow out the candle.

Narrator: After their first birthday, children enter their toddler years. Being able to walk and talk a little made them more independent and frequently testing their own capabilities and limits.

Scene: A little girl totters to her mother with a toy in her hand in the park.  The mother holds a toy to attract her daughter and leads her to continue to walk.  Another mother is guiding her baby son to try walking.  The boy is a bit nervous and he needs to raise up his hands to balance his body.  

Narrator: By about 18 months of age, he can usually walk alone though he may appear unsteady at times.

Scene: In the park an 18 months of boy is running around and pulling along his toy car tied to a string while two other  children of about 2 years of age can walk steadily and run around in the park.

Narrator: He likes carrying or pulling toys along when he walks.
At around 2 years of age, he can walk steadily, sometimes with quick steps, or even runs.

Scene: A group of children is playing balls in the park.  A little boy squats down to pick up the ball from the ground and then stands up to continue playing the ball.  Another boy who just learned to walk  climbs up the low steps of playground equipment. . Two other older children can go up the stairs step by step by holding the railings.  Two children try to kick the ball on the ground but they can just only push the ball with their feet or step on the ball but not really kick the ball.

Narrator: He can squat down to pick up objects from the floor without falling, climb up and down, walk up and down stairs by holding onto railings, and even try to kick a ball.

Scene: A boy puts a piece of building block on top of another.  He turns pages of a book, scribbles with crayons on the drawing board and inserts the pegs into the holes of the puzzle board. 

Narrator: For hand and finger skills, he can build towers with several blocks, turn several pages of a book at one time, scribble with crayons and put pegs into holes.

Scene: A boy holds a small bowl with one hand and a spoon with another.  He tries to  feed himself using the spoon.

Mother: Can you give me one spoonful?

Narrator: Regarding self-care skills, he can feed himself using a spoon,
Scene: Another little girl holds a small cup of water and drinks by herself.

The girl:  Drink water

Narrator: drink from a cup,

Scene: A little girl takes off her shoes slowly.

Narrator: and take off shoes.

Scene: A few children are playing shape matching toys in the park.  A girl puts the shape into the correct matching hole.

Narrator: In terms of cognitive development, he can sort objects by sizes and shapes.

Scene: Two boys are holding the handsets of the toy telephones and try to press the buttons.  Another child pretends to eat a toy apple.  A girl plays with tea set on the floor alone.  She takes a toy comb and combs her hair and the doll’s hair.

Mother, sitting next to the girl: The dolly is so pretty!

Narrator: She enjoys pretend play like playing with tea set, combing her hair or a doll's hair.

Scene: A few children try to open the gift box using different ways.  One uses her fingers to untie the butterfly knot. One uses his hands to tear the wrapping paper. Another child claps his hands excitedly on seeing a  toy after the box is opened .

Narrator: During this period, he is also learning how to solve problems by trial and error.

Scene: A girl is playing rag doll with her mother.

Narrator: For language development, she is able to identify different body parts.

Mother: Where is the nose?

Scene: The girl points to her nose.

Mother: How about your mouth?

Scene: The girl points to her little mouth.  Then, the mother takes the doll.

Mother: Kiss the dolly.

Scene: The girl grasps the doll from her mother’s hands and kisses the doll.

Narrator: She understands simple commands without gesture cues.

Scene: Another girl is at her home with her family. The girl gets a pear from her father. 

Grandmother: Give your brother a bite.

Scene: The girl goes to her brother and gives the pear to him.

Narrator: She begins to say single words,

Scene: Mother and little girl are playing toys.  The mother is holding a rag toy duck.

Mother: What is this?

Litter girl: Ducky

Scene: Mother takes another rag toy duck.

Mother: How about this?

Little girl: Ducky

Mother:  Yes, you’re right! This is a duck.

The little girl Imitate the mother and said: This is a duck.

Scene: The girl holds the rag toy duck in her arms.

Little girl: Hug hug

Mother: Yes!

Little girl: Hug

Scene: The girl points to some toys which are outside the angle of the camera.

Little girl: Dolly

Mother: Correct!

Little girl: What.....is this?

Mother: Orange.

Scene: The girl talks while she plays with the toys.

Little girl: Bye-bye.....see you

Narrator: and later starts combining words.

Little girl: Eat rice.....Go out

Scene: Two girls play toy together In the park.  One pushes away another’s hand from the toy.

Little girl: No touch.....No touch

Scene: Two boys are fighting for a toy telephone.  The loser of the fight watches the winner to play the toy telephone with attention.

Narrator: As for social development, a child at this age is usually self-centered.

Scene: In the park a boy takes a toy and runs happily to another older boy and sees what he is doing.

Narrator: But he enjoys watching and being around with other children.

Scene: The older boy snatches the toy from the little boy.  The small boy cries unwillingly.  Two children are fighting for a toy while they gather with other children in the park. 

Narrator: However, he is still possessive and frequently fight for toys.

Scene: Two girls are playing a toy piano together peacefully.

Narrator: When approaching the age of 2, she would start playing with others

Scene: In the park a group of child imitates a group of adults and older kids.  They dance and move their bodies.

Narrator: and enjoy imitating the behavior of adults and older kids.

Scene: Two mothers carrying their daughters in their arms run into each other.  They say hello and guide their daughters to say goodbye and kiss.

Narrator: Children at this stage need your guidance and a safe environment to explore and develop.

Scene: A father holds the hand of his son and walk together in the park.

Narrator: Spend more time with him. Show your affection and care.