How to prevent cervical cancer?
Primary prevention includes avoid HPV infection: since HPV is an important cause of cervical cancer, which is most commonly sexually transmitted; the importance of safer sex could not be overemphasized.
- Single sexual partner
- Avoid partner with multiple sexual partners
- Use of condom: while available scientific evidence suggests that the effect of condoms in preventing HPV infection is unknown, condom use has been associated with lower rate of cervical cancer. It may also protect you from other sexually transmitted diseases such as gonorrhea, syphilis and AIDS
- Avoid sex in early age as immature cervix is more susceptible to HPV infection and other carcinogen
- Vaccine which can protect against infection by high risk types of HPV.
- Healthy lifestyle may improve your body immunity and hence reduce chance of getting other types of cancer, apart from cervical cancer
- Avoid smoking (active and passive smoking; risk increased up to 3 times that of non-smoker)
- Balanced diet: increase intake of fiber e.g. vegetables, fruits, cereals and beans; eat less meat and fatty food